August 10, 2021 at 5:05 am #1080Sunil KumarParticipant
A study titled “A Plant-Centered Diet and the Risk of Incident Cardiovascular Disease in Young to Middle Adulthood” looked at whether long-term plant-centered diet consumption and a shift toward a plant-centered diet beginning in young adulthood are linked to a lower risk of cardiovascular disease in midlife.
Researchers discovered that 289 of the individuals had cardiovascular illness throughout the course of 32 years of follow-up (including heart attack, stroke, heart failure, heart-related chest pain or clogged arteries anywhere in the body).
After taking into account several factors, people who scored in the top 20% on the long-term diet quality score (meaning they ate the most nutritionally rich plant foods and fewer negatively rated animal products) were 52 percent less likely to develop cardiovascular disease (including age, sex, race, average caloric consumption, education, parental history of heart disease, smoking and average physical activity).
Furthermore, those who improved their diet quality the most (eating more beneficial plant foods and fewer negatively rated animal products) between years 7 and 20 of the study, when participants’ ages ranged from 25 to 50, were 61 percent less likely to develop subsequent cardiovascular disease than those whose diet quality declined the most during that time.
The study was unable to analyse the potential benefits of a strict vegetarian diet, which excludes all animal products, including meat, dairy, and eggs, due to the small number of vegetarians among the participants.
“A nutrient-dense, plant-centered diet is excellent for cardiovascular health,” Choi said, adding that a plant-centered diet does not have to be vegetarian.
“We believe that individuals can consume animal items in moderation from time to time, such as non-fried poultry, non-fried fish, eggs, and low-fat dairy,” says the researcher. “Because this study is observational, it cannot prove a cause-and-effect relationship between diet and heart disease.”
Ref and Source of Information
Yuni Choi, Nicole Larson, Lyn M. Steffen, Pamela J. Schreiner, Daniel D. Gallaher, Daniel A. Duprez, James M. Shikany, Jamal S. Rana, David R. Jacobs. Plant‐Centered Diet and Risk of Incident Cardiovascular Disease During Young to Middle Adulthood. Journal of the American Heart Association, 2021; DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.120.020718